Updated: Mar 28, 2020
The word sustainability is thrown around a lot in today's world and can be difficult to define. With regards to wine it can be talking about the grape growing (organic certifications and such), winemaking, packaging, or transportation from the vineyard to your table. In this four-part series we will take a look at each of these areas and what sustainability means within each context. We will also take it a step further to look at the impacts of each of these processes to discuss the repercussions of not having a sustainable grape growing process, vinification process, or delivery method on the planet as well as our own bodies.
In this first installment we'll discuss sustainable grape growing and different techniques used to create a process that is both best for the grapes and the earth as a whole.
First, we will look at the environmental impacts that conventional grape growing has on the planet, then we'll take a look at organic, biodynamic, and dry farming techniques to discuss the techniques of each and how they serve as sustainable approaches to grape growing.
Environmental Impacts of Conventional Grape Growing
Conventional winemaking for this article will be considered anything that falls outside . the realm of organic, biodynamic or dry farming practices and encapsulates how more than 90% of grapes are grown in the world. Across agriculture as a whole (including grape farming) fertilizers, pesticides, and the resources and energy going into producing the crop is creating around 20% of the greenhouse gas emissions.